education_kerala_paper

ISSUES AT SCHOOL EDUCATION IN CONTEMPORARY KERALA

C. P. Chandrasekhar

Sixth is v. K. Ramachandran

R. Ramakumar

A conventional paper prepared to get UNICEF, Fresh Delhi

April 2001

Acknowledgements

K. Jayakumar IAS gave generously of his coming back interviews and gave full access to documents and information on school education from the Education

Department

and

DPEP.

C.

Ramakrishnan

(Co-ordinator,

Educational Study Unit, Kerala Shastra Sahitya Parishad), P. K. Jordan Tharakan (Director, Kerala Company of Regional Administration, Thrissur) and To. M. Jones Isaac (Member, State Preparing Board and Associate Guy, Centre for Development Studies, Thiruvananthapuram) gave us thorough interviews and information on school education in Kerala and comments on the findings. A. K. Shiva Kumar of UNICEF, Fresh Delhi provided us with all-India data; he mentioned on a draft of this report and supplied much encouragement. We as well received support and details from E. Narayanan Nair and S. R. Gopinathan Nair from the Kerala Study on Community Level Advancement, Centre pertaining to Development Studies, Thiruvananthapuram, Ms Prema with the DPEP and G. Manamohan of the Point out Planning Plank, Government of Kerala. We could deeply grateful to all of which; we could not need written this report devoid of their ample help.

ISSUES IN SCHOOL EDUCATION IN CONTEMPORARY KERALA

C. P. Chandrasekhar

V. T. Ramachandran

L. Ramakumar

By the late 1980s, it was clear that Kerala had not just

achieved mass literacy, completely also been able to ensure

that

the

school.

social

mind-boggling

Although

and

majority

recurring

political

of

problems

interest

in

its

of

children

access

Kerala

in

came into

remained,

the

1990s

looked to other issues in school education: the retention

of children in schools, the caliber of education and new

varieties of community engagement in school education.

This

paper

deals

with

issues

in

school

education

in

modern Kerala. Particularly, it deals with

! " amounts of public investment in school education;

! " issues of use of school education, the preservation of

pupils in the university system as well as the state of physical

infrastructure in colleges; and

! " issues linked to course content material, pedagogy and community

contribution in school education. 1

one particular

The daily news does not handle the important concerns of exceptional facilities to get school education of the impaired or unique education for the children with learning difficulties.

1 )

BACKGROUND

A cardinal feature of tradition and world in Kerala and of

Kerala's

political

proportion

of

and

economic

well written

and

expansion

educated

is usually

persons

the

high

in

the

population. Literacy - in particular, woman literacy -- is a vital

(and

is

often

viewed

as

the

essential)

facilitator of Kerala's achievements in the spheres of health and market change. Literacy is a foundational feature of Kerala's political culture, vital in the creation of open public opinion and essential to the consciousness of individual and political legal rights that is so conspicuous an attribute of interpersonal

and political life in Kerala.

To find the percentage of individuals in the populace

who are literate, Kerala and the other towns of India are in different leagues (see Table 1). In 1991, there was clearly mass

literacy among males as well as among women. Although the

amount of literates in the inhabitants of the northern

districts in the Census of 1991 was lower than inside the rest of the Express, the distance was less space-consuming than before. Nationwide Sample

Survey data through the 42nd Round (1986-87) on age-specific

literacy show high rates of literacy in the younger age ranges - over 97 % among men and women in each age group between 6 years and 24 years, in rural areas and urban areas. In every age group under 34, your rural woman

literacy

price

in...

References: (2000), " Arivinte

Grama Panchayat”,

Bhat, P. D. Mari and S. Irudaya Rajan (1990), " Demographic

Transition

Caldwell, J. C and Terry Caldwell (1985), " Education and

Literacy as Factors in Health”, in H

P

(1994),

Chandrasekhar, C. P (2000a), " Economic Reform and

Budget”, Economic and Political Weekly, 04 1-7.

Chandrasekhar, C. L and Jayati Ghosh (2000), " Monetary

Devolution inside the Era of Globalisation”, Macroscan,

District Major Education Plan (DPEP) (2000c), DPEP

Concours in Girls' Education, Handbook, DPEP,

Ganesh, K. In and C. Ramakrishnan (2000), " Education and

Someones Planning Advertising campaign: The Kerala Experience”,

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