Punic Battles Essay

The Punic Wars were 3 wars fought between Rome and Carthage that lasted from 264 to 146 B. C. The first Punic War lasted from 264-241 B. C. which was to get 23 years. The other Punic Battle lasted 218-201 B. C. for 17 years. The next and final war survived 49-146 B. C, intended for 3 years.

The initially Punic Conflict was fought against over the power over Sicily and the Western Mediterranean. Since The italian capital was incredibly agricultural they had an interest in Carthage, which has been controlled more by sea power. Inside the first area of the war, The italian capital made an alliance together with the town of Hieron in north-east Sicily. This was led by Claudius and Marcus Valerius Messalla in 263 BC. The Romans earned more property in 262 BC together with the towns of Segesta and Agrigentum. and 260 BC they conquered the Fight of the Lipari Islands. In 241 BC, Carthage fixed a peacefulness treaty underneath the terms which they removed Sicily and paid Rome a large amount of cash to settle intended for peace. The long conflict was harmful for both forces, but Carthage was more severely hit. In 238 BC, Carthage suddenly fell into the Mercenary War, which will Rome seized Sardinia and Corsica. Rome was now the most powerful state in the western Mediterranean,

The second Punic War was led by a brilliant armed forces strategist known as Hannibal. In 218 BC, Hannibal took control of the Greek city Saguntum, and place up a solid Carthaginian basic there. Right after hearing good news of the 1st Punic War, Rome reported war on Carthage. From his new foundation Hannibal planned to drive across the Pyrenees and the Alps in winter to surprise the Roman armed service with an attack. That's exactly what led his army through the wintry local climate of the Alps. Hannibal misplaced over half of his men and most of his elephants due to the cold climate. He reached the Po Water Valley with about twenty, 000 infantry, 6, 1000 cavalry, and a few elephants. Nevertheless , Hannibal surely could increase the scale his army to regarding 30, 000 by enrolling Gauls. Hannibal defeated the Roman legions in several battles, including the Struggle of the...

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