Vertical Structure of Western Society Dissertation

This essay will discuss the top to bottom society (tateshakai) in The japanese, namely it is development in ancient and modern The japanese and how this shapes thinking and habit, and thus rendering insight into Japanese people etiquette and culture. Tateshakai essentially details the sociable hierarchy in Japan and how the Japanese create a huge emphasis on vertical interactions, much as opposed with American attitudes which usually favour horizontal relationships and minimizing limitations between hierarchal rungs.

Tateshakai likely had that roots in the Kamakura period when Neo Confucian ideas were brought into Japan by Zen Buddhist monks. It promulgates the values of filial piety and enlightening relationship between the universe and oneself. It has become the official helping philosophy during the Tokugawa period and that helped legitimize the Tokugawa Shogunate guideline through it is concepts of " a hierarchical culture in conform with characteristics, of good-hearted paternalism in government, associated with an ethical basis for operations, and of a meritorious officialdom”[1]. Harmony was established through reciprocal good-hearted ruling and obedience using their subjects. Social stratification of the Samurai, Typical, Artisan and Merchant was also produced in a related vein, with merchants known as the lowest school as they are regarded as parasites under Neo Confucian beliefs. It is not unexpected that the ie (household/family) program was likewise created during this time period. The for example system placed great emphasis on family tradition and its continuity. Members of the ie are required to see themselves as one ordinaire unit and work towards the greater good from the household rather than for yourself. The head of the household is typically the oldest male heir and wields absolute electrical power and responsibility. The for instance system essentially placed emphasis on the parent-child (vertical) relationship over the husband-wife (horizontal) romantic relationship. This can be seen in the code of commitments for samurai promulgated in 1684[2].

The hierarchical cultural...

References: Chie Nakane, 1972., Japanese World, Current Anthropology, Vol. 13, No . 5, The University of Chicago, il Press for Wenner-Gren Basis for Anthropological

Research, pp. 575-582. Retrieved from: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2741011. Accessed: 13/10/2013

Kenneth P., 1996. The Making of Modern Japan. " Chapter a couple of: Establishment with the Tokugawa Program. ” Lexington MA: D. C. Health and Company., pp. 11-40.

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